Gregory Benford describes the first virus that he wrote in 1969 and the evolution that viruses have taken. He wrote a virus that effected the ARPANet that he used for email at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory. Even though his first virus was not malware (malicious software) the new creation quickly took on a life of its own in the hands of others. A virus called Creeper was the first malware that effected ARPANet by printing on a user’s video screen “I’m the creeper, catch me if you can!” This was the motivation for the first antivirus software called Reaper. Benford offers an explanation of different malware that is used today that can do significant damage. A new virus Stuxnet was created to invade Iran’s nuclear facility. Benford describes it as, “as a wholly new thing – a smart virus with a grudge – evolving, self-aware, self-educating, craftily fulfilling its mission.” With the emergence of this new type of virus Benford predicts an untraceable malware as a “weapon of commerce” than can have negative implications in a global economy.
Colin Sparks explains that “The term ‘digital divide’ is used to cover a broad range of social differences in access to and the use of digital equipment and services, most notably personal computers, and the ability to access the internet in terms of both physical connection and facility of use.” The issue is relatively new and has increased with the immense importance of the internet itself. There are many ways to approach the study and analysis of the “digital divide”, its causes and effects. Sparks goes over the three main approaches. He also explains patterns of physical access that correlate limited access to the internet to the socio-economic status of an area. Spark asserts that the most important future implications of the “digital divide” will take shape around how social life itself will revolve around the internet. A society’s limited access to personal computers and the internet will prevent the society from becoming “fully networked” in knowledge, experience, confidence, and opportunity to sustain an acceptable standard of life.
Welcome to WordPress. This is your first post. Edit or delete it, then start blogging!